Focus should be on 'Ease of Living' and 'Ease of Justice' for the people: PM Modi



  New Delhi: Prime Minister Narendra Modi addressed the inaugural session of the All India Conference of Law Ministers and Law Secretaries on Saturday. While addressing this program virtually, PM Modi said that Union Law Minister Kiren Rijiju ji, Minister of State SP Singh Baghel ji, Law Ministers, Secretaries of all the states involved in the meeting, other dignitaries present in this important conference, ladies and gentlemen,

  This important meeting of law ministers and secretaries of the country and all the states is taking place amidst the grandeur of the Statue of Unity. Today, when the country is celebrating the Amrit Mahotsav of freedom, then Sardar Patel's inspiration for public interest will also take us in the right direction and will take us to the goal.


 In every society, the judicial system and various procedures and traditions have been developing according to that period. For a healthy society, for a confident society, reliable and speedy justice system is very necessary for the development of the country. When justice is seen being served, then the faith of the countrymen in the constitutional institutions is strengthened. And when justice is given, then the confidence of the common man of the country also increases equally. Therefore, such events are very important to continuously improve the law and order of the country.


 The development journey of the Indian society is of thousands of years. In spite of all the challenges, Indian society has made steady progress, has maintained continuity. The insistence on morality and cultural traditions are very rich in our society. The biggest feature of our society is that while moving on the path of progress, it also keeps on improving itself internally. Our society removes, throws away the laws, customs, customs that have become irrelevant. Otherwise we have also seen that any tradition, when it becomes customary, it becomes a burden on the society, and society gets buried under this burden. Therefore, continuous improvement is an indispensable requirement in every system. You must have heard, I often say that the people of the country should not even feel the absence of government and the people of the country should not feel the pressure of the government. Whatever the pressure of the government comes from, Unnecessary laws have also played a big role in it. In the last 8 years, we have had a special emphasis on removing the pressure of the government from the citizens of India. You also know that the country has repealed more than one and a half thousand old and irrelevant laws. Many of these laws were coming from the time of slavery. More than 32 thousand compliances have also been reduced to remove legal hurdles in the way of innovation and ease of living. These changes are for the convenience of the public, and are also very necessary according to the times. We know that many old slavery laws are still in force in the states. In this nectar of independence, it is necessary to abolish the laws which have been going on from the time of slavery and make new laws according to the present date. I urge you that in this conference, there must be a thought to make way for the abolition of such laws. Apart from this, the existing laws of the states, His review will also prove to be very helpful. Ease of Living and Ease of Justice should also be in the focus of this review.


  Delay in justice is a subject which is one of the biggest challenges faced by the citizens of India. Our judiciary is working very seriously in this direction. Now in Amritkal we have to solve this problem together. In many efforts, there is also an alternative of alternative dispute resolution, which can be promoted at the level of the state government. Such a mechanism has been working in the villages of India for a long time. It will have its own way, it will have its own arrangements, but this is the thinking. We have to understand this system at the local level in the states, how we can make it a part of the legal system, we have to work on it. I remember, when I was the Chief Minister of Gujarat, we started Evening Courts and the first Evening Court in the country was started there. In Evening Courts, there were mostly such cases which were very less serious in terms of sections. People also finish their work throughout the day, They used to come to these courts and complete the judicial process. This also saved his time and the hearing of the case was also speedy. Due to Evening Courts, more than 9 lakh cases have been resolved in Gujarat in the last years. We have seen that Lok Adalats have also been established in the country as another means of speedy justice. Very good work has also been done in this regard in many states. Lakhs of cases have been resolved in the country over the years through Lok Adalats. These have also reduced the burden of the courts and it has also become very easy to get justice to the poor, especially the people living in the villages.


  Most of you have the responsibility of the Parliamentary Affairs Ministry as well. That is, all of you also go through the process of becoming a law very closely. No matter how good the motive may be, but if there is confusion in the law itself, there is a lack of clarity, then the common citizens have to bear the brunt of it in future. Such is the clarity of the law, its language and because of that, because of the complexity, ordinary citizens have to spend a lot of money and run here and there to get justice. Therefore, when the law comes to the understanding of the common man, then its effect is something else. Therefore, in some countries, when a law is made in the Parliament or Legislative Assembly, it is prepared in two ways. One is to explain it in detail using technical words in the definition of law and the other is to write the law in that language and write it in the public language, in a form that is understandable to the common man of that country. To write in keeping with the spirit of the Fundamental Law. Therefore, while making laws, our focus should be that even the poorest of the poor can understand the new legislation well. In some countries, there is also such a provision that at the time of the making of the law, it is decided that how long that law will remain in effect. That is, in a way, at the time of the making of the law, its age, its expiry date is fixed. This law is for 5 years, this law is for 10 years, it is decided. When that date comes, that law is reviewed again in the new circumstances. In India too, we have to move forward with the same spirit. Local language also plays a big role in the legal system for ease of justice. I have been raising this issue continuously with our judiciary also. The country is also making many big efforts in this direction. The language of law should not be a barrier for any citizen. Every state should work for this also. For this, we will also need the support of logistics and infrastructure, and also create an academic ecosystem for the youth in the mother tongue. We have to work for law courses to be in mother tongue, to have our laws written in simple language, to have digital library of important cases of High Courts and Supreme Court in local language. This will also increase the knowledge of law in the common man, and will also reduce the fear of heavy legal words.

  Friends, when the judicial system expands along with the society, it has a natural tendency to adopt modernity, then the changes that take place in the society are also visible in the judicial system. How technology has become an integral part of the judicial system today, we have seen it even in the Corona era. Today e-Courts Mission is progressing rapidly in the country. Systems like 'Virtual Hearing' and Virtual Muscle are now becoming a part of our legal system. Apart from this, e-filing of cases is also being promoted. Now with the arrival of 5G in the country, these systems will accelerate even more, and huge changes are inherent in it, are about to happen. Therefore, every state will have to update and upgrade its systems keeping this in mind. It should also be an important goal of our legal education to prepare it according to technology. comrades,

   Sensitive justice system is an essential condition for a capable nation and a harmonious society. That is why, I raised the issue of undertrials in the joint meeting of the Chief Justices of the High Court. I urge all of you to do whatever can be done by the state government for speedy trial of cases. State governments should also work with a humane approach regarding undertrial prisoners, so that our judicial system moves forward with a human ideal.


Constitution is supreme for the judicial system of our country. The judiciary, the legislature and the executive have been born out of the womb of this constitution. Be it government, parliament, our courts, these three are in a way the children of the same mother as the constitution. So even though the functions differ, if we look at the spirit of the Constitution, there is no room for debate, for competition with each other. Like the children of a mother, all three have to serve Mother Bharati, together they have to take India to new heights in the 21st century. I hope that the churning that will take place in this conference will definitely bring out the elixir of legal reforms for the country. My request to all of you is that you must take out time to see the Statue of Unity and the expansion and development that has taken place in its entire campus. The country is now ready to move forward very fast. Whatever responsibility you have, You do it well. This is my best wish to you. Thanks a lot.


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